Saw Mill Dental
970 North Broadway, Suite 306, Yonkers, NY 10701

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
It was great and quick.
Elvin M.
Winnie is the best dental assistant here in Yonkers!!! Ya have to come here
Juan C.
Dr. Friedman is amazing! I had an emergency my widsom tooth was killing me and they put me in their Schedule I arrived and they greeted me with a great smile. Dr. Friedman reassured me that I will be […]
Elizabeth C.
I LOVE Dr. Mila belgrade. She is excellent with my children. They always look forward to see her. She takes her time and make them feel comfortable. Nicole, her assistant is also another great person […]
Elizabeth G.
Dr was amazing and the temp crown fit like a glove. Nicole call was amazing and explained everything to me and kept me very relaxed and I really enjoyed my experience here
Ira F.
Best Dental Experience I have ever had. Everyone Is very Nice and explain every thing before it happens.
Brendan W.
Dr Friedman was great. Painless dentistry . Nicole is a great assistant and explained everything. Highly recommend the office!
Robert C.
Very nice staff. Extremely profession. Dr. R. Friedman and Nicole are excellent. I can not wait to return to see them.
Andrew S.
Excellent care !! They were very attentive to patient’s comfort during procedure. Very impressed. Overall it was definitely the best experience I have ever had at the dentist.
Nicole O.
We took our son to Dr. Mila Belgrade after having had a terrible experience at a nearby dentists. We have never felt more secure, or respected, as well as well cared for with professionalism and […]
Anne B.
Dr Friedman is a great dentist, and Nicole the assistant is amazing!! Great people!!
Arlene D.
Had a wonderful experience with the staff, quick and easy visit, good atmosphere
J G.
The people at sawmill dental are nice and they make you feel comfortable
Philip L.
I’ve been going to Saw Mill Dental for over 30 years and I only have good things to say about Maria, Carol and Karen whom keeps me and my smile bright, healthy and white!!!!! Keep up the good work […]
Barbara K.
Dra Mila Belgrade is wonderful Dr, she take care my daughter very well and professional manner. I want say thanks to Sonia Duche, she is the best of the best.
Ramon M.
Had a great experience at Dr. Choudhary. Nicole was great, would recommend to anyone to visit this office. Dr Oshman was great as well!
Viktor L.
Dr Friedman did a great job walking me through a difficult time and decision and I’m very pleased with the outcome. Would certainly recommend him
Edward S.
Dr. Mila and Nicole are superb providers. Excellent care delivered with humor, compassion and great expertise. I highly recommend.
Dylan H.
Dr Choudhary, Nicole and the rest of the staff are very nice. Dr Choudhary is very accommodating and explained everything to me. I’d recommend her to everyone.
Antoinette S.
I have been coming here for years and now my kids come here also. It’s a family affair.! Dr. Friedman and Nicole are awesome with my son’s orthodontal work. Highly recommend!
Denise D.
Office Hours
Mon. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wed. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Thu. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Fri. – 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sat. – 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
Sun. – Closed
Phone: (914) 357-8917
Fax: (914) 965-5196
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For appointments, call: (914) 357-8917
Office Hours
  • Monday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Wednesday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Thursday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Friday 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Saturday 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
  • Sunday Closed
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