Saw Mill Dental
970 North Broadway, Suite 306, Yonkers, NY 10701

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Excellent care !! They were very attentive to patient’s comfort during procedure. Very impressed. Overall it was definitely the best experience I have ever had at the dentist.
Nicole O.
Dr Friedman was great. Painless dentistry . Nicole is a great assistant and explained everything. Highly recommend the office!
Robert C.
I LOVE Dr. Mila belgrade. She is excellent with my children. They always look forward to see her. She takes her time and make them feel comfortable. Nicole, her assistant is also another great person […]
Elizabeth G.
I have been coming here for years and now my kids come here also. It’s a family affair.! Dr. Friedman and Nicole are awesome with my son’s orthodontal work. Highly recommend!
Denise D.
My Son loves Dr. Mila Belgrade her assistant they make each visit to the dentist do pleasant and fun. So comforting as a mom to bring him to visit the dentist. Beautiful ladies. You won’t be […]
Chrystal S.
Best Dental Experience I have ever had. Everyone Is very Nice and explain every thing before it happens.
Brendan W.
Dr Mila and Nicole are nice and they are really really sweet
Virginia V.
They made me feel most comfortable and walked me through everything. Sawmill dental is the only place i will go for dental work in the future
Jason G.
Doctor atwell and Nicole they are great They do great work they are so sweet to talk and they take care u on time u have the appointment, that is so great and good for clients!
Ylli P.
Dr Friedman did a great job walking me through a difficult time and decision and I’m very pleased with the outcome. Would certainly recommend him
Edward S.
A positive experience with Dr. Friedman and the entire Saw Mill Dental team that cares and is always sensitive to the patient’s needs etc. throughout the visit.
Dennis K.
Dr mila and Nicole are wonderful! This is the perfect place for my children. I would highly recommend this office.
Javier R.
Nicole and Dr. Friedman worked on me for tooth extraction. The experience was comfortable and extremely quick.
Richard C.
We took our son to Dr. Mila Belgrade after having had a terrible experience at a nearby dentists. We have never felt more secure, or respected, as well as well cared for with professionalism and […]
Anne B.
The people at sawmill dental are nice and they make you feel comfortable
Philip L.
EVERYONE is so friendly. I’ve been going to this office for over 10 years and even though I have moved upstate, I still go to Saw Mill Dental.
Trishelle B.
Always a pleasure to have a dental procedure. Dr. Atwell is an absolute treasure…Karen is the best hygienist anywhere…top notch dental practice..
Jerry G.
This was my first time at Saw Mill Dental and everyone there was very courteous and professional. They made me feel calm since I am always nervous when I visit the dentist. The hygienist did a very […]
Owen S.
Dr. Lauren made me feel at ease, explaining in detail exactly what she was going to do. Her professional demeanor is to be commended. She is by far the best dentist I ever had. She was able to […]
Gerard R.
Dr. Mila and Nicole are very nice , I love this place is the best dental office for your children’s They have a wonderful team
Ana E.
Office Hours
Mon. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tue. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Thu. – 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Fri. – 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sat. – 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM

Open 1st & 3rd Saturday Of Each Month

Phone: (914) 357-8917
Fax: (914) 965-5196
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Office Hours
  • Monday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Tuesday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Wednesday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Thursday 9:00 AM - 6:00 PM
  • Friday 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
  • Saturday 9:00 AM - 3:00 PM
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